Georgius Agricola (Georg Bauer,
* 24. 03. 1494 in Glauchau, † 21. 11. 1555 in
Philologe, humanistic paedagogue, historian, physician and mineraloge.
Founder of the scientific mineralogy, the mining engineering, the mine surveyoring and the metal production. Agricola was also a city physician and mayor of Chemnitz.
Manfred von Ardenne
(* 20. 01. 1907 in Hamburg, † 26. 05. 1997 in Dresden)
Physicist, researcher and inventor, state award winner of the USSR, national award winner of the GDR. He had about 600 national and international patents, first already with 16 years.
One of the pioneers of the television by the development of the broadband amplifier and the electron ray tube in the modern form. At the radio exhibition 1931 Ardenne presented that world-wide first television set.
Inventor of the raster electron microscope. Cooperation at the development of the Soviet atom bomb. Development of isotope separation processes for the industrial production of uranium 235. Numerous further inventions on the area of the electron and ion physics, e.g. the electron ray multi-chamber furnace for the high vacuum metallurgy. Later he turned to the medicine. ("oxygen multi-step therapy" and "systemic cancer multi-step therapy")
Melitta Bentz, geb. Liebscher
(* 31.1.1873 Dresden, † 29.6.1950 Minden)
The Dreden housewife announced 1908 in the imperial patent office of Berlin the coffee filter.
With a starting capital of 73 Pfennigs the company M. Benz was created. The first filters she made in manual work together with her husband Hugo and the two sons in a room of their flat. 1914 the company moved to the Wilder-Mann-Str. 15. In 1927 was employed already 80 coworkers. The removal to Minden/Westphalia took place not (as otherwise usual) after the Second World War, but already 1929.
(* 1847, † 1903)
The Plauen merchant is one the inventors of the Plauen lace (around 1880). The net lace, made by an embroidery machine, made famous the name of the saxon city all over the world. In 1900 Plauen lace was awarded the Grand Prix at the first World Exhibition in Paris.
Johann Friedrich Boettger (* 04.02.
1682 in Schleiz, † 13. 03. 1719 in Dresden)
After pharmacist training in Berlin he soon was in the call to be able to make gold. Augustus the strong, which always suffered from shortage of money, let him lock up on the fortress Koenigstein. After long experimenting by him and Ehrenfried Walther von Tschirnhaus (1651-1708) succeeded in the year 1708 the production of the first European white porcelain. August returned him the liberty under conditions and gave him the management of the porcelain manufactory in Meissen. Boettgers test to sell the secret of the porcelain production to the Prussia king ended with his renewed incarceration.
Friedrich Arnold Brockhaus (* 4.5.1772 in
Dortmund, †20.8.1823 in Leipzig)
the famous publisher created 1818 in Leipzig a printing. 1822 he published Casanovas "memoires". Several important yearbooks and magazines followed. However the encyclopedia designated after him formed the peak of his activity.
August Horch (*12.10.1868 in
Winningen/Mosel † 03.02.1951 in Muenchberg)
smith, engineer, technical designer, entrepreneur
One of the pioneers of German automotive technology. He made important contributions for the development of the automobile, so among other things with the introduction of the propeller shaft drive and the use of high-strength steel.
After a three-year journey through Germany, Austria-Hungary, Serbia and Bulgaria he completed 1888-90 at the technical school in Mittweida an engineering education for machine and engine construction. Afterwards he worked in the Rostock shipyard, in Leipzig and Mannheim. A company created in Cologne was shifted 1902 to Reichenbach (Vogtland) and converted 1904 to the Zwickau Horch AG. Because of disputes with his partners he separated 1909 from the company and created the company "AUDI".
1923 he introduced the left side control, which is meanwhile usual nearly world-wide. In the 30's eight-cylinder passenger car engines of Horch were prominent on the market.
August Karolus (* 16. 03. 1893 in Reihen,
† 1. 8. 1972 in Zurich)
1922 Professor Dr. phil. August Karolus of physical Institut of the University of Leipzig made the "Kerr effect" practically usable for the fast transmission of pictures. In co-operation with the enterprises Siemens and Telefunken 1927 the first picture transmission service Berlin-Vienna became possible.
Gottfried Wilhelm Leibniz (* 21. Juni 1646
in Leipzig, † 15. November 1716 in Hannover)
With 14 years the genius registered at the university and in the age of 20 wanted to attain a doctorate to get doctor of the rights, which was rejected in Leipzig by the professors. The university of Nuernberg made the graduation possible.
Leibniz developed the binary system with the numbers 0 and 1, developed with 29 years the infinitesimal analysis, provided plans for an underwater boat and invented equipment for the measurement of the wind velocity. He recognized the necessity to measure regularly the temperatur of body of patients. He founded a donation bank for widows and orphans. Long time before Siegmund Freud he brought the proof for the subconscious of humans.
Leibniz created the Berlin Academy of Sciences and was member of the Royal Society in London and the Paris Academy of Sciences.
Karl August Lingner (*18.12.1861 in
Magdeburg, † 05.06.1916 in Berlin)
after druggist teachings and a music study in Paris, broken off for health reasons, Lingner worked as commercial employees in a sewing machine factory in Dresden. 1888 he created a factory for household articles, 1892 a chemical laboratory, which later became the Lingner works.
Starting from 1892 within the framework of the program of the dental care and mouth hygiene that far away admits here become ODOLmouthwash produced. Lingner was an engaged promoter of the social hygiene as well as initiator and supervisor of the international hygiene exhibition 1911 and the German hygiene museum in Dresden. In addition the multi-millionaire promoted the culture. Thus the patron of art created first readers' house in Dresden and had great portion of the building of the royal theatre.
Heinrich Mauersberger (*1909 †
chemist-colorist, textilingenieur, inventor
owner of the patent of the stitchbonding (1949 in Limbach-Oberfrohna). Developed together with textile mechanical engineers the prototype of a stitchbonding machine of the type Malimo. The series production of the very productive machine began 1957. Further developments, so the types Malipole and Maliwatt, which were manufactured at the end of the 50's by Saxon enterprises, followed.
Ottmar Heinsius von Mayenburg (* 1865 in
Schoenheide im Erzgebirge, † 24. Juli 1932 in Roseneck at the Woerther lake)
pharmacist, chemist, entrepreneur
After the study of pharmacy and botany in Leipzig Mayenburg went to Dresden and worked in the yard pharmacy. He attained a doctorate in the year 1901 at the philosophical faculty in Leipzig to the doctor of philosophy. Later he took over the lion pharmacy at the old market in Dresden, where he invented in 1907 the tooth-paste.
He founded the Leo works, what manufactured the Leo pills beside the Chlorodont tooth-paste. In the 20's the Leo works had over 20 branches in Germany, Europe and America with altogether over 1000 persons employed.
Wilhelm Ostwald (*1853 † 1932)
chemists, researchers and university teacher, Nobel prize winner
He founded together with Arrhenius and van't Hoff the physical chemistry and developed the first industrial procedure for the ammonia synthesis, the winning of nitric acid from atmospheric air. Ostwald also created the bases of measuring chromatics.
Anton Philipp Reclam
(*28.07.1807 in Leipzig, † 05.01.1896 in Leipzig)
created 1828 in Leipzig the "publishing house of the literary museum", which he renamed later in Phlipp Reclam jun. Publishing house history Reclam entered particularly with his concept of the "universal library". Thus he dared 1867 a completely new enterprise. In this year the rights for the pressure and the selling of most German classical authors expired. By lowest prices and high editions he could make the great literature accessible also for lower social layers. With Anton Philipp Reclams death the "universal - library" covered 3470 numbers - and until today, with the years changed and since 1950 in the program of two independent publishing houses in Stuttgart and Leipzig, it is a synonym for the inexpensive and good book.
(*1492 ? in Staffelstein, † 30. 03. 1559 in Annaberg)
computing master and author of German-language computing books, which were over 200 years very popular. 1539 he was appointed the "Electoral Saxon yard arithmeticus". Ries worked in the silver mining industry as an expert in computing -, money -, coinage- and measurement affairs.
Schoenherr (*1817 † 1911)
inventor and entrepreneur
is considered as founder of the Saxon building of looms and an inventor of the mechanical loom. His engineering works in Chemnitz already 1887 produced 30,000 looms, an important part of it for export.
Johann Andreas Schubert (* 18.3.1808 in
Wernesgruen/Vogtland, † 6.10.1870 in Dresden)
engineer/architect, technical designer
professor for mathematics and mechanics at the Dresden technical educational establishment from 1832 to 1869
creator of the first steamships for trips on the Elbe river "Queen Maria" and "Prince Albert" (1836) and the first German locomotive "Saxonia"(1837). Designed 1845 the largest clay brick bridge of the world, the bridge over the Goeltzsch river. He contributed substantially to the fact that end of the 50's of the 19. century the best German mechanical engineering fabrics surpassed their English masters.
(* 14. 01. 1683 near Frauenstein / Erzgebirge, † 4. 08. 1753 in Dresden)
master of building of organs and pianos
Creator of famous Saxon organs, so for buildings of churches in the former royal seat Dresden, in the mountain city Freiberg, in Zittau, Greiz and Roetha as well as for many village churches particularly in Saxony. Beyond that he built the first German hammer pianos.
Friedrich Adolph August Struve
(* 09.05.1781 in Neustadt/Sa. † 29.9.1840 in Berlin)
Artificial mineral water is the scientifically accurate reproduction of natural mineral water by the doctor of the medicine, Friedrich Adolph Struve from Neustadt in Saxony.
After the attendance of the prince school in Meissen he studied in Leipzig and Halle to medicine. 1803 he established as a physician and pharmacists in Stolpen, 1805 Struve took over the pharmacy Salomonisapotheke in Dresden.
Due to a poisoning illness, which he had tightened himself with experiments with prussic acid, he occupied himself with the production of artificial mineral water. 1821 developed in Dresden the first institution for drinking cure, which found soon a set of successors in Leipzig, Warsaw, Kiew and Moscow. For his work in the area of the institutions for mineral water drinking he received the order of merit from the Saxon king.
Ehrenfried Walter von
(* 10.4. 1651 in Kieslingswalde, † 11.10.1708 in Dresden)
philosopher, mathematician, experimenter
Tschirnhaus has rendered great services in physical-optical area. By the production and application unusually large burning glasses succeeded it to accomplish innovative physical and chemical experiments (among other things melting of metals). He improved the glass production and created several glassworks in Saxony.
Tschirnhaus was the real inventor of the European white porcelain. By his death 1708 however Boettger could harvested the fame.
Johann von Zimmermann
(* 27.03.1820, † 02.07.1901)
fitter, inventor and entrepreneur,
founder of the first German machine tool factory. Received the medal of the legion of honour from Napoleon, was honour member of the Acad�ie national, conferred on distinguished businessman in Saxony and was ennobled by the Austrian emperor.
Adam Friedrich Zuerner
(* 1679 in Marieney, † 1742)
began 1705 as a parish priest in Skassa near Grossenhain with the measurement of his diocese.
1712 he was assigned by Augustus the strong with the development of a Saxon land Atlas. 1719 could submit the "land and border commissioner" Zuerner his "new saxon post office map". The distances were measured with a car particularly for this designed. The converted carriage, in which a linkage transferred the revolutions of the rear wheel to a speedometer, covers about 18,000 miles.
On 19 September 1721 the Elector of Saxony issued the instruction to set at the town-gates stone mail mile columns mail mile columns with concrete range readings to different places. Since production and setting up the cities had to be paid, Zuerner had big difficulties to convince the city fathers of the importance of these columns. They set the columns often not to the city gates, but into the local centre, on the market. And even that happened only very against-willingly.