The Kings of Saxony


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King Frederick Augustus I. Frederick Augustus III. the Just
(King Frederick Augustus I.,* 23.12.1750 in Dresden, †05.05.1827 in Dresden),
The spirit of the French revolution led to the Saxon farmer rebellion of 1790, which could be suppressed only with employment of the army by force. Saxony took part in the so-called Realm War against the French republic until 1796. Still 1806 fencing with Prussia against the victorious napoleonic troops, Friedrich August III. stepped on the side of Napoleon. Saxony joined the Rhine Confederation and became a kingdom in 1806. Saxony placed itself in the national liberation struggle against the napoleonic foreign rule not on the side of Russia and Prussia, but remained with the Saxon army up to the Battle of Leipzig 1813 with Napoleon. That entailed after the Viennese congress 1815 negotiated peace regulations the transfer of approximately two thirds of the territory to Prussia.

Anthony Anthony the Kind (* 1755, †06.06.1836 in Pillnitz near Dresden),
By the improvements noticeable in his reign for the citizens he received the surname "the Kind". The entry of Saxony to the German customs union 1833 let trade, industry and traffic blossom further.

King Frederick Augustus II. Frederick Augustus II. (* 18.05.1797 in Pillnitz, †9.08.1854 in Brennbüchel in Tirol),
Frederick Augustus was an officer in the wars of liberation, showed however otherwise hardly interes for the military.
Frederick Augustus II. solved political questions from pure feeling of obligation. Usually he appointed himself to his ministers. 1836 he took over the government without his uncle Anton, with whom he had already governed since 1831 the fate of the country. As a love-worth and intelligent man he was expressed fast with the people likes. A uniform iurisdiction for Saxony created the penal code of 1836.
During the revolutionary events 1848/49he appointed liberal minister into the government, finished the censorship and issued a liberal electors law.

King John John (* 12.12.1801,†29.10.1873 in Pillnitz),
under influence of his minister Beust he fought for the large-german solution of the realm agreement (under inclusion of Austria). Saxony fought 1866 in the Austrian-Prussian war at the side of Austria. After the defeat of Koeniggraetz Saxony finally joined North German federation and 1871 the German empire. Beside his political work John loved literature. Under the alias Philateles he translated Dante's "Divine Comedy".

King Albert Albert (* 23.04.1828 in Dresden, †19.06.1902 in Sibyllenort near Breslau),
the integration of Saxony into the realm led from Prussia continued. Militarily trained in all branches of service, he stated 1866 and 1870 the Saxon troops in the war. Saxony was under his government a sample country of the constitutional monarchy.

George George (* 1832, †1904),
at the age of 70 years Albert followed his brother at the throne. His reign took however only two years.

King Frederick Augustus III. Frederick Augustus III. (* 25.05.1865,†18.02.1932 in Sybillenort),
was very connected for the military. 1913 he inaugurated the Leipzig people battle monument. During his government he worried himself around the equilibrium of the forces between tradition and progress. The last Saxon king resigned in the result of the November revolution 13.11.1918.



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